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Red Fort, Agra

Explore an impressive testimony to Mughal grandeur at Red Fort AgraRed Fort Agra, colossal built in red sandstone offers an exciting tour reverberating the grandeur of the Mughals era.

The Red Fort was built by the Mughal Emperors and served as a main residence during the 16th and 17th centuries. During 1983 the Red fort was added to UNESCO’s world cultural heritage list. A part of the fort is used today for military purposes and the public is not allowed in that area of the building.

The construction of the fort began during 1565 under Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, when he relocated India’s capital from Delhi to Agra. It was expanded under the rule of his successors, especially under Shah Jahan during the 16th and 17th centuries. Akbar used primarily red sandstone with marble enclosures, while Shah Jahan preferred white marble and decorations of gold and semiprecious stones. Although the Red Fort was completed, India’s capital was shifted back to Delhi in 1648.

After his seizure of power in 1658, sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb placed his father Shah Jahan in the red fort under house arrest, where he died in 1666. It was captured in 1803 through British troops and used later by the East India Company for its administrative offices. During the Indian revolt of 1857, the fort was one of the locations for armed discussions.

Shaped like a half moon the Red Fort is surrounded by a 63-foot-high red sandstone wall, whose circumference amounts to approximately 1.5 miles. Two head gates–the Delhi gate and the Lahore gate–are the grand entrances. Inside the fort, there are representative palaces, several mosques and gardens. The architectural style includes elements of Islamic and Hindu architecture.