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Railway Station Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus at Mumbai (Bombay)
Witness the symbol of Gothic buildings at Victoria Terminal, MumbaiOne of the busiest railway stations in India, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly Victoria Terminal (VT), Mumbai is a wonderful example of the Indo-Victorian Gothic Revival architectural style. Built in local sandstone Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus interior is very impressive with vaulted roofs, arches, Gothic spires, neoclassical sculptures, stone carvings, exquisite friezes etc.
The Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus (until 1996 Victoria terminus) is a railway station in Mumbai. It is among the largest and busiest railway stations of the world and has belonged since 2004 to the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list.
The British architect Frederick William Stevens was commissioned during 1878to design a railway station building as a western terminal for long-distance traffic. During his studies in England he was inspired by London’s St Pancras station and as a result the Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus resembles the English railway station. Since Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was completed in 1888, it is counted as the largest and most important building of British India. During 1920 it was expanded to also service suburb traffic.
The building is in the style of the Victorian neo-gothic. The platforms are approximately 120 feet long. Over the head entrance, around 300 feet high, is an octagonal cupola that is carried by a rib construction. The building is richly decorated with stone sculptures and relief. On the cupola sits the sculpture of Lady of Progress. Each day more than 1000 trains and about 3 million passengers go through this railway station. It was named first after the British queen Victoria. Since 1996, it has carried the name of the Hindu Marathi prince Shivaji (Chhatrapati, “patron”).