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Sunderbans Tiger Reserve
Experience the thrill of Sunderbans National ParkCruise down the rivers through world’s largest delta of sunderbans mangrove forest and experience a stimulating excursion through sunderbans wildlife sanctuary to catch glimpse of chivalrous Royal Bengal Tigers. Enjoy the picturesque beauty amidst the lush green scenery and vast stretches of rivers all around Sunderbans National Park for an ideal leisure for sightseeing of Sundarbans Tiger Reserve. Live through the real luxury in your refreshing trip to Sundarbans Tiger Reserve.
Sunderbans Tiger Reserve – Only one who loves the Adventure, can advance into the kernel of the Sunderbans.
The Sunderbans (Sundar means “beautiful” and bans means “forests”) is the largest mangrove forest on the earth. It stands in a deep estuary, between four large rivers. It also receives precipitation off the southern slopes of the Himalaya as well as the rains of the monsoon zone. The Sunderbans’ 1.4 million acres are home to a large species-rich ecosystem. This area is not easily accessible especially along the delta areas of the Ganges, Brahamaputra and Meghna which pass over each other.
Large parts of the Sunderbans today belong to a national park that extends at the common boundary of India and Bangladesh. About 639,000 acres belong to the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve which in 1987 was named by UNESCO as a world nature heritage. Threatened by extinction, the regal Bengal tiger and the endemic Sundari tree thrive at the Sunderbans.
The Sunderbans mangrove forests in the southern areas are home to animals and plants that have acclimatized themselves to the brackish water. Mangrove trees’ roots dig more than 10 feet into the ground which is made up of oxygen-deficient mud. The roots form a thick “Grass” that is to be found at the ground of almost all groves and impedes the locomotion of boats.
The Sunderbans form a natural protective barrier for the inland against the tropical cyclones that gather from the south. There are numerous birds, fish, crocodiles, Pythons, deers and wild pigs that live in the Sunderbans. There also are many rare plants. While in the south the mangroves dominate, further in the north bamboo forests thrive.
Larger animal species such as rhinos, Asian wise duck and various other hoofed animals were hunted into extinction during the colonial time. Today the hunt is strictly regimented, but poaching is wide spread. The mangrove forests also act as a retreat for the Bengal tiger that became a symbol for that general species extinction in this region. In addition, climate variations, the increased sea level, increasing salination of the fresh water zones, oil pollution from the nearly laid harbor Mongla as well as illegal deforestation endanger the existence of the Sunderbans.
Based on the climatic conditions and constant changing landscape, the Sunderbans are very inhospitable for human settlement and the threat of tropical illnesses and parasites is high. Nevertheless, there are numerous local settlements and villages, whose inhabitants nourish themselves predominantly by eating fish and shrimp, as well as by their honey collection. The honey collection is limited seasonally while the fish and shrimp capture can be operated all-year and takes place by means of hand nets.