Kaziranga National Park
Wildlife attraction in Kaziranga National Park in Assam
Experience the thrill of Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary on the bank of the majestic Brahmaputra. Kaziranga National Park in Assam is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals. A UNESCO World Heritage Centre in India, Assam Kaziranga National Park is the most ideal habitat for the one-horned Indian Rhino for its swamps and tall thickets of elephant grass.
Kaziranga-an Indian national park-lies in the state Assam in northeast India. The landscape is the hilly karbi Anglong, and the park zone is bordered by the mighty river Brahamaputra in the north, and by the national highway no. 37 in the south. The national park administration has its seat in Bokahat. Four administration stations are in Agaratoli, Baguri, Burrhpahar and Kohora.
The Kaziranga National Park is a habitat for the rare One-Horned Rhinoceros and the tiger. Until 1908, it was a hunter’s paradise and a much wilder natural area with over 140,000-square miles of lowlands with swamps, elephant grass, and rattan wood. This always-green rain forest was transformed into a wildlife reserve and since 1999, Kaziranga has been on the UNESCO world nature heritage list. With almost 1000 One-Horned Rhinoceros, Kaziranga has the world’s largest population of Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros.
The climate soaks up the rains from the monsoons which hit the country between November and April. The rain in the remaining months during the year bring the precipitation total to over 1800 mm and over two-thirds of the park area is flooded. The average temperature in the summer amounts to 90 degrees, and in the winter it’s about 50 degrees.
Today, many problems arise from the settlement that lives around the national park. The region of the Karbi Along hill, is used agriculturally, and about 800,000 people live here. Through the extensive bearing of farm animals the field cattle wander into the national park and then bring back illnesses (for example splenic fever), that is transmitted through direct contact with the wild animals or the animals’ feces.
Animals in Park: The wild animals that live in the Kaziranga include the Asian elephant (about 2,500 animals in April 2005), the Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros (1.500), Bengal tiger (140), wild water buffaloes, the Indian langurs, wild pigs, gibbons, Hog Badger, jungle cats, swamp deer (Barasingha, large Asian dear type), muntjacs, Sambhar deer, and the Gaur as well as Asian wild dog, leopard, Indian bear, and endangered Ganges Dolphin.
Safaris: Safaris in Kaziranga National Park take place early mornings and in the afternoon on trained elephants with a guide (Mahout). Depending on the season, also boat and jeep trips are possible. Time duration: about two hours. Entrance fee is obligatorily.
Best trip time: Middle November until beginning of April. From June to September is the monsoon time. In this time, the Brahamaputra is often overflowed. Mostly damp hot climate, excluded in the winter months, in which mornings and evenings quite cool temperatures prevail, rules. Lodging facilities are excellent in Kaziranga. There are many star-rated nature resorts.