Qutub Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
Trip to Qutab Minar, the soaring tower of the brick tiled magic
Qutub Minar and its Monuments are more than just a heritage monument but an architectural wonder and much favored leisure pad for visitors on Qutub Minar Delhi Tour. Qutub Minar showcases the testimony of Indo – Islamic Architecture and a majestic placard of sandstone pride.
The Qutb complex is a terrain in Delhi, where the ruins of the first mosque constructed by the Muslim after the conquest of the city during the year 1200 stands. The main parts of this complex are the Qutb Minar (the minaret of this mosque), Alai Minar, Quwwat-ul-Islam-Mosque as well as the famous iron pillar. Qutb complex is supposed to be the first Muslim construction on Indian land. Since 1993, Qutb Minar and its monuments have been listed as one of UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage sites.
The Qutb Minar is a red sandstone 213-foot-tall tower. It’s diameter is around 45 feet at its base and 7 feet at the top. In the past visitors had to climb 399 steps to reach the top story, however, an ascent of the tower is no longer possible. The Arabic inscriptions and arabesque on the walls of the towers are really stunning. The construction of Qutb Minar began probably after the victory of the Muslims over the Hindus around the year 1200. The construction of Minar was started in 1201 by Qutub-ud-din-Aibak, the first ruler of the Slave Dynasty of India. He was not able to complete the construction during his lifetime and later his son-in-law and successor Illtumish completed it. It was completed as a victory tower and minaret, as a victory of the Muslims over the Hindus. In the 15th century, it was repaired and partially rebuilt. It was damaged in the beginning of the 19th century through an earthquake. However, these damages were mended . The Qutb complex consists of beautiful Alai Darwaza (gate), a masterwork constructed in the year 1311 in the Indian Islamic art and two mosques. One of the mosques Quwwat-ul-Islam-Mosque was constructed out of materials from twenty-seven old Hindu brahmin (priesters) temples which existed there before the construction of mosque. The motifs on these pillars show the clear picture of early Hindu temple architecture. This mosque is the oldest existing mosque in north India.
In the middle of the mosque, stands the Iron Pillar (iron column) from the 14th century. It is build out of almost 99.75% pure smith iron making it absolutely rust free! It was brought probably from east India out of Bihar and was crowned originally with a figure of the God messenger Garuda (Eagle). Any person who stands with their back up against the column, wraps their arms around the column and can intertwine their fingers will have luck.
Another spectacular monument in the Qutb Complex is the Alai Minar. During the 14th century, another Muslim ruler Allauddin Khilji wanted to expand the area of the mosque and decided to erect another sandstone Minaret (Tower), double the size of the original one. However, during his lifetime, only the first story was completed, and later his successors did not complete it. Today visitors can clearly see the double-sized one-story Alai Minar in the Qutb Complex.